The National Health Insurance (NHI)

The National Minister of Health, Dr Aaron Motsoaledi aims to introduce a National Health scheme which aims to provide affordable and quality healthcare to all citizens, regardless of socio-economic standing in South Africa.

The National Health Insurance (NHI) is a financing system that will make sure that all citizens of South Africa (and legal long-term residents) are provided with essential healthcare, regardless of their employment status and ability to make a direct monetary contribution to the NHI Fund.

The NHI is to prioritise the most vulnerable people in society commenced through focusing on five aspects of healthcare to be integrated into the scheme:

TOBACCO AND SUGAR TAX

SUGAR TAX:

The South African Revenue Service (SARS) started collecting a new health-promotion levy, also known as the sugary beverages levy (SBL), or “sugar tax”, from the 1st of April 2018. The levy is designed to support the Department of Health’s aim to reduce the incidence of diabetes, obesity and related diseases.

According to the latest South African Demographic and Health Survey, the levels of obesity and diabetes is a concern in SA. Excessive use of Sugar or Tobacco increases the chances of developing chronic diseases in the long term which we need to address and curb.

Always remember to #PHILA

TOBACCO:

NATIONAL HEALTH SCREENING, TESTING & TREATMENT CAMPAIGN (NHSTTC) & IDENTIFYING NCDs

NHSTTC allows an individual to understand what the NCDs are that they need to be mindful of and test for.

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are classified as lifestyle diseases. These diseases are closely related to lifestyle choices and habits such as smoking, drug and alcohol abuse. They are chronic, which means they are slow acting and could result in death.

Generally speaking, Non-Communicable Diseases are not contagious or infectious to other people. Although there are “remedies” for some NCDs, it is difficult to reverse the long-term damage caused by NCDs.

Highly probable causes of Non-Communicable Diseases are:

NCDs include:

  1. Cardiovascular diseases
  2. Cancers
  3. Respiratory diseases and
  4. Diabetes
  5. Hypertension

The Ministers aim is focusing on educating South Africans about Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). All South Africans are encouraged to Screen, Test and Adhere to treatment to prevent or help treat NCDs.

HIV/AIDS & TB

By scaling up the testing and treating campaign, the National Department of Health will initiate an additional two million people on antiretroviral (ARVs) treatment by December 2020.