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Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are classified as lifestyle diseases. These diseases are closely related to life style choices and habits such as smoking as well as drug and alcohol abuse. They are chronic, which means they are slow acting and are likely to cause death. NCD's are closely linked to:
NCD's are not passed on from person-to-person and fall into 4main groups:
Diabetes is a chronic disease, which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. This leads to an increased concentration of glucose in the blood (hyperglycaemia).
Type 1 diabetes (previously known as insulin-dependent or childhood-onset diabetes) is characterized by a lack of insulin production.
Type 2 diabetes (formerly called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes) is caused by the body’s ineffective use of insulin. It often results from excess body weight and physical inactivity. Gestational diabetes is hyperglycaemia that is first recognized during pregnancy.
Early detection leads to better prevention of high blood pressure and cholesterol getting out of hand. The sooner you know, the better control you have, and knowing comes with going to for regular health checks which are available for free at your nearest government clinic or hospital.
The best way to combat the highway of non-communicable diseases is to get up and get fit. The benefits of exercise and movement to the body. No matter what size, age or shape you are, you can make a commitment to be a much fitter version of yourself. Start small by:
Good nutrition can save your life. Eating a well-balanced diet is investing in your health and your future. Eat from the 5 food groups for a better you.
Get up and kick the habit of smoking! Apart from being an expensive habit to maintain, smoking opens you up to a host of diseases such as cardiovascular failure which could lead to premature death. Smoking kills and causes cancer.