Gender Based Violence
Gender Based violence is the violation of human rights against women and girl children. It can be domestic abuse, rape, sexual abuse or trafficking. The issue of Gender Based violence is strongly rooted in gender inequality and cultural practices that at times marginalise women. It is important to report any cases of gender based violence to your local police station and also seek out the necessary medical assistance.
In South Africa, Gender Based Violence has reached phenomenal heights and has been dubbed as “Femicide” due to the alarming amount of women abused and killed at the hands of their partners.
Organisations have been established to curb Gender Based Violence by engaging Men on responsible behaviour and effective communication between adult partners in a consensual relationship. In the case of girl children, the protection against all forms of violence of the girl child is extremely important and parents, educators and guardians need to ensure that the protection of the girl child is always safeguarded.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is experienced when a person undergoes a shocking, scary or dangerous incident or event. Symptoms do not necessarily begin straight after the incident or event occurs but could take as long as three months to a year for a person to experience PTSD.
The symptoms can include:
- Nightmares (flashbacks)
- Avoidance of situations that bring back trauma
- Heightened reactivity of stimuli
- Anxiety or a depressed mood
Mental Health, Suicide
Mental Health and associated illness and the stigma surrounding it, is a critical issue in South Africa. Mental health refers to our emotional, psychological and social wellbeing. The state of one’s mental health determines how we act, feel and think. Experiencing a mental health problem can affect your behavior and thinking.
Some of the warning signs of a mental health problems include:
- Eating too much or too little
- Loss of appetite
- Pulling awaying from family and social activities
- Change in mood swings
- Inability to perform daily tasks
- Feeling of sadness and hopelessness
If you are experiencing any Mental Health problems, you should seek out professional medical assistance.
Suicide is the act of purposely ending one's own life. The effects of suicide on the loved ones of the deceased is devastating and can result in a variety of conflicting and painful emotions. A rising trend with children and teens is the bullying that happens in schools or within the community. This can result in young adults contemplating suicide.
Warning Signs of Suicidal Behaviour include:
- Making of a Will or getting affairs in order
- Suddenly visiting or writing letters to loved ones
- Buying instruments of suicide
- Experiencing a sudden change in mood
- Writing a suicide note
People who are contemplating suicide are encouraged to talk to a doctor or a health professional. It is advisable to immediately go to the closest emergency room if an attempt at suicide is committed. Thereafter also seek out the services of a mental-health crisis center for further support for you or your loved one.
Drinking and Driving
Drinking and driving is defined as driving under the influence of alcohol or substances. Driving under the influence of alcohol and substances increases the risk of a crash that may result in serious injuries or death. A high consumption of alcohol has a bad effect on your health.
The effects of alcohol in your body include:
- Reducing the functionality of your natural immune system
- Affects your sexual reproductive health
- Affects your tissues in the digestive tract
- Affects your sugar levels
- May cause liver damage
- May cause heart damage
- May cause various types of Cancers
#PHILA supports the safety of drivers and pedestrians on the road . Always remember to Arrive Alive. #PHILA
Negligence of the Young and Old
Elder abuse is the neglect or mistreatment of an older person who is unable to fend for themselves. There are a number of forms of elder abuse and mistreatment, ranging from physical and emotional abuse and even financial exploitation. Mistreatment can take place at a family home or an old age home. It can result in:
- unnecessary physical suffering such as bruises, scratches, cuts and malnutrition
- lack of medical care
- behavioural trauma such as withdrawal, fear and anxiety
- general neglect
- the violation of human rights
- decreased quality of life for the Elderly.
Negligence of the Young
The negligence of the young is failure to properly care for children. Children must be placed under proper care, that will pay attention to them and take the necessary precautions in order to ensure the safety of children. Negligence of children is a serious offense and the guardian or parent must be held accountable for such.
Taking care of children is a huge responsibility, below are a few tips that will help you take good care of your children:
- Consult your nearest clinic or doctor if you notice an abnormal change in temperature in your child
- Make sure that children visits the clinic for vaccines
- Beware of food allergies and advise the child care facility or school where your child is based should your child have a confirmed allergy
- Practise water safety
- Child proof your kitchen and all living areas to ensure that there are no risk for your child.
- Keep the door and gates locked for their safety - especially around swimming pools.
- Put away harmful chemicals and medication from the children's reach.